Laura Phillips and Pete Smith

Laura Phillips is a PhD candidate in Biological Sciences at the University of Aberdeen, Scotland, United Kingdom. Pete Smith is Chair in Plant and Soil Science at the Institute of Biological and Environmental Sciences, School of Biological Sciences, University of Aberdeen. Mr. Smith is a coordinating lead author of the chapter on "Agriculture, Forestry and Other Land Use (AFOLU)" of Climate Change 2014: Mitigation of Climate Change. Contribution of Working Group III to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), published by Cambridge University Press.

Implementing renewable energy strategies in city environments is rapidly becoming “energetically imperative”. Making the transition involves not only switching the energy source, but making sure it is cost-effective, sustainable and beneficial for development.