Frans Viljoen

Frans Viljoen is Director, Centre for Human Rights, Faculty of Law, University of Pretoria, South Africa.

The phrase "human rights" may be used in an abstract and philosophical sense, either as denoting a special category of moral claim that all humans may invoke or, more pragmatically, as the manifestation of these claims in positive law, for example, as constitutional guarantees to hold Governments accountable under national legal processes.